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Food habits of fishes in a freshwater reed belt in Lake Kitaura, eastern Japan, in summer

Usui, Seiji, Kanou, Kouki, Sano, Mitsuhiko
Fisheries science 2018 v.84 no.3 pp. 469-476
Amphipoda, Bacillariophyceae, Chironomidae, Cladocera, Copepoda, Cyprinus carpio, Hyporhamphus, Ictalurus punctatus, Lepomis macrochirus, Micropterus salmoides, Opsariichthys uncirostris, Tridentiger, cluster analysis, diet, eating habits, fish, fish feeders, fisheries, freshwater, insects, introduced species, juveniles, lakes, larvae, ontogeny, shrimp, summer, zooplankton, Japan
The diets and feeding guild structure of a freshwater reed belt fish assemblage (30 species) were examined in Lake Kitaura, part of the Lake Kasumigaura system, eastern Japan, from June to September in 2009 and 2010. Ontogenetic dietary shifts were recognized in 14 species, including several species (e.g., Cyprinus carpio, Tridentiger brevispinis and Hyporhamphus intermedius) targeted by local fisheries. Juveniles of these species generally fed on zooplankton, later switching to other prey items (e.g., benthic chironomid larvae, gammaridean amphipods, shrimps, juvenile fishes, diatoms and decomposing reeds) with growth. A cluster analysis based on dietary overlaps showed that the reed belt fish assemblage comprised five feeding guilds (plant, zooplankton, benthic invertebrate, terrestrial insect and fish feeders). Of these, zooplankton feeders were the most abundantly represented in terms of species numbers, suggesting that the main food items for the fish assemblage were zooplankton (e.g., cladocerans, and calanoid and cyclopoid copepods). Fish feeders included five species, of which one was an alien species introduced from another region in Japan (Opsariichthys uncirostris) and three were from foreign countries (Micropterus salmoides, Lepomis macrochirus macrochirus and Ictalurus punctatus).