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Effect of body size and sub-optimal water quality on some hemato-immunological parameters of spotted babylon snail Babylonia areolata

Ruangsri, Jareeporn, Thawonsuwan, Jumreonsri, Wanlem, Sunee, Withyachumnarnkul, Boonsirm
Fisheries science 2018 v.84 no.3 pp. 513-522
Babylonia areolata, alkalinity, ammonium nitrogen, body size, defense mechanisms, glucose, growth performance, growth retardation, lysozyme, monophenol monooxygenase, protein content, rearing, salinity, seawater, snails, water quality
Cellular and humoral effectors are imperative for the innate defense mechanisms of invertebrates, including the spotted babylon snail Babylonia areolata, a marine gastropod belonging to the family Buccinidae. In this study, we have investigated the influence of body size [5–8 g (small), 10–12 g (medium) and 15–17 g (large)], and culture waters of varied quality [natural seawater, low salinity, low alkalinity, high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) and artificial seawater] on some hemato-immunological parameters [total hemocytic counts (THC), hemolymphatic glucose, total protein concentration, phenoloxidase (PO), agglutinating and lysozyme activity] of the snail. Growth performance measures and survival of test snails were also evaluated after rearing them in culture water of varied quality. Body size did not influence most parameters assessed, except that the lysozyme and PO activities of medium and large-size snails were higher than those of the small-size snails. Sub-optimal culture water quality affected hemato-immunological factors, growth and/or survival of the spotted babylon snail. Seawater with low salinity, low alkalinity and a high TAN level caused decreased THC, hemolymphatic glucose, and PO activity; increased lysozyme activity; and clearly retarded growth of the snail. The snails held in artificial seawater could not survive after 4 weeks, suggesting the lack of certain essential factors necessary for their survival.