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Use of bacterial co-cultures for the efficient production of chemicals
- Jones, J Andrew, Wang, Xin
- Current opinion in biotechnology 2018 v.53 pp. 33-38
- biosynthesis, biotransformation, coculture, engineering, microorganisms, population dynamics
- The microbial production of chemicals has traditionally relied on a single engineered microbe to enable the complete bioconversion of substrate to final product. Recently, a growing fraction of research has transitioned towards employing a modular co-culture engineering strategy using multiple microbes growing together to facilitate a divide-and-conquer approach for chemical biosynthesis. Here, we review key success stories that leverage the unique advantages of co-culture engineering, while also addressing the critical concerns that will limit the wide-spread implementation of this technology. Future studies that address the need to monitor and control the population dynamics of each strain module, while maintaining robust flux routes towards a wide range of desired products will lead the efforts to realize the true potential of co-culture engineering.