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A numerical simulation study on the impact of smoke aerosols from Russian forest fires on the air pollution over Asia

Zhu, Qingzhe, Liu, Yuzhi, Jia, Rui, Hua, Shan, Shao, Tianbin, Wang, Bing
Atmospheric environment 2018 v.182 pp. 263-274
aerosols, air pollution, air quality, atmospheric chemistry, forest fires, lidar, moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer, particulates, satellites, simulation models, smoke, weather, Central Asia, China, Lake Baikal, Mongolia, Siberia
Serious forest fires were observed over Siberia, particularly in the vast area between Lake Baikal and the Gulf of Ob, during the period of 18–27 July 2016 using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. The Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite simultaneously detected a multitude of smoke aerosols surrounding the same area. Combing a Lagrangian Flexible Particle dispersion model (FLEXPART) executed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model output, the transport of smoke aerosols and the quantification of impact of Russian forest fires on the Asia were investigated. From model simulations, two transport paths were determined for the smoke plumes from the Russian forest fires. The first path was directed southwestward from Russia to Central Asia and eventually Xinjiang Province of China, furthermore, the second path was directed southeastward through Mongolia to Northeast China. The FLEXPART-WRF model simulations also revealed that the smoke aerosol concentrations entering the Central Asia, Mongolia and Northern China were approximately 60–300 μg m−3, 40–250 μg m−3 and 5–140 μg m−3, respectively. Meanwhile, the aerosol particles from these forest fires have an impact on the air quality in Asia. With the arrival of smoke aerosols from the Russian forest fires, the near-surface PM10 concentrations over Altay, Hulunbuir and Harbin increased to 61, 146 and 42 μg m−3, respectively. In conclusion, smoke aerosols from Russian forest fires can variably influence the air quality over Central Asia, Mongolia and Northern China.