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Molecular characterization and genetic diversity of avian paramyxovirus type 4 isolated in South Korea from 2013 to 2017

Tseren-Ochir, Erdene-Ochir, Kwon, Jung-Hoon, Noh, Jin-Yong, Jeong, Jei-Hyun, Jeong, Sol, Kim, Kyu-Jik, Lee, Ji-Ho, Kim, Jun-Beom, Kim, Yu-Jin, Lee, Sun-Hak, Kim, Jun-Young, Song, Chang-Seon
Infection, genetics, and evolution 2018 v.61 pp. 127-133
Rubulavirus, genetic variation, migratory behavior, monitoring, phylogeny, poultry, subgenotype, viruses, waterfowl, wild birds, Europe, South Korea
In recent years, avian paramyxovirus type 4 (APMV-4) frequently isolated from wild and domestic bird populations particularly waterfowls worldwide. However, molecular characteristics and genetic diversity of APMV-4 are uncertain, owing to the limited availability of sequence information. A total of 11 APMV-4 strains from 9850 fecal, swab, and environmental samples were isolated during the surveillance program in wintering seasons of 2013–2017 in South Korea. We performed genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis to investigate the genetic diversity and relatedness between isolates from the region. We report high APMV-4 genetic diversity (multiple genotypes and sub-genotypes) among wild bird and poultry populations in Korea and that the potential virus exchange occurs between neighboring countries via wild bird migration. Furthermore, our study results suggest the possibility of transcontinental transmission of APMV-4 between Asia and Europe.