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Estradiol benzoate treatment before ovum pick-up increases the number of good quality oocytes retrieved and improves the production of transferable embryos in Japanese Black cattle
- Hidaka, Takemasa, Fukumoto, Yutaka, Yamamoto, Yuusuke, Ogata, Yasuhiro, Horiuchi, Toshitaka
- Veterinary and Animal Science 2018 v.5 pp. 1-6
- Wagyu, blastocyst, cows, cross-over studies, estradiol, oocytes, ovarian follicles, ultrasonography
- The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with estradiol benzoate (EB) at luteal phase prior to the ovum pick-up (OPU) during in vitro production of transferable embryos in Japanese Black cattle. A total of 15 cows were used as oocyte donors for OPU. Of those, four donors were randomly allocated (three times) into each of two treatment groups as a crossover study, and OPU session was carried out six times per one donor. Another eleven donors were used in a paired difference test by one crossover trial. Donors in the control group received no hormonal treatment; whereas, donors in the EB group received 1 mg of EB as a single injection. First, we observed dynamics of ovarian follicles and emergence of follicular wave after EB injection using transrectal ultrasonography. The number and proportion of medium-sized follicles with 4 to 6 mm in diameter increased gradually and achieved a peak at 72 and 96 hours after EB injection. The OPU was performed 88 hours after EB injection. The EB-treated donors had a higher proportion of follicles with 4 to 6 mm in diameters at the time of OPU. The stimulation with EB significantly increased the numbers of follicles aspirated, and the good quality cumulus-oocyte complexes per OPU. Furthermore, in the EB group, the percentage of transferable blastocysts was significantly greater than that in the control group (P<0.05). In conclusion, a single EB injection before OPU increases the number of medium-sized follicles and can produce more transferable embryos.