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The variation in chemical composition of barley feed with or without enzyme supplementation influences nutrient digestibility and subsequently affects performance in piglets

Author:
Clarke, L. C., Sweeney, T., Curley, E., Duffy, S. K., Rajauria, G., O'Doherty, J. V.
Source:
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition 2018 v.102 no.3 pp. 799-809
ISSN:
0931-2439
Subject:
Lactobacillus, average daily gain, barley, beta-glucanase, beta-glucans, diet, digestibility, energy, feces, gene dosage, growth performance, neutral detergent fiber, nitrogen, nutrients, organic matter, piglets, scanning electron microscopy, volatile fatty acids
Abstract:
This study investigates the effect of dietary supplementation of a β‐glucanase and β‐xylanase enzyme mix to barley based diets, at two different chemical compositions achieved through different agronomical conditions on growth performance, coefficient of apparent total tract digestibility (CATTD) of nutrients, selected faecal microbial populations and faecal scores in piglets. Sixty‐four piglets (11.7 kg (SD 0.96)) housed in pens of two were assigned to one of four dietary treatments (n = 8). The dietary treatments were as follows: (T1) low quality barley diet, (T2) low quality barley diet containing a β‐glucanase and β‐xylanase enzyme supplement, (T3) high quality barley diet and (T4) high quality barley diet containing a β‐glucanase and β‐xylanase enzyme supplement. Piglets offered the low quality barley‐based diet had a higher (p < .05) average daily gain (ADG) (0.73 vs. 0.69 kg, SEM 0.001), gain:feed (G:F) ratio (0.61 vs. 0.58 kg, SEM 0.011) and a higher CATTD (p < .001) of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), nitrogen (N), ash, gross energy (GE) and neutral detergent fibre (NDF) compared with piglets offered the high quality barley diet. Piglets offered the high quality barley‐based diet had reduced faecal scores compared to piglets offered the low quality barley‐based diet (2.44 vs. 2.57, SEM 0.036) (p < .05). There was a higher population of Lactobacillus spp. (11.6 vs. 10.5 log gene copy number/g faeces, SEM 0.177) (p < .001) and total volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration (185 vs. 165 mmol/g faeces, SEM 5.658) (p < .001) in the faeces of piglets offered the high quality barley‐based diet compared to piglets offered the low quality barley‐based diet. The inclusion of a β‐glucanase and β‐xylanase enzyme complex had no effect on any variable measured. In conclusion, the higher quality barley‐based diet showed beneficial effects on the faecal Lactobacillus spp. population and faecal scores of the piglets; however, the higher level of β‐glucans in the diet decreased nutrient digestibility and subsequently decreased the performance.
Agid:
5939340