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Superior anticancer activity is demonstrated by total extract of Curcuma longa L. as opposed to individual curcuminoids separated by centrifugal partition chromatography

Kukula‐Koch, Wirginia, Grabarska, Aneta, Łuszczki, Jarogniew, Czernicka, Lidia, Nowosadzka, Ewa, Gumbarewicz, Ewelina, Jarząb, Agata, Audo, Gregoire, Upadhyay, Shakti, Głowniak, Kazimierz, Stepulak, Andrzej
Phytotherapy research 2018 v.32 no.5 pp. 933-942
Curcuma longa, antineoplastic activity, bromides, cell lines, chloroform, cisplatin, colorectal neoplasms, countercurrent chromatography, curcumin, dose response, ferulic acid, heptane, high performance liquid chromatography, humans, lung neoplasms, mass spectrometry, methanol, neoplasm cells, solvents, spectrometers, tetrazolium, turmeric, viability
Three curcuminoids: bisdemethoxycurcumin, demethoxycurcumin, and curcumin from turmeric were successfully separated by a high capacity solvent system composed of heptane: chloroform: methanol: water mixture (5: 6: 3: 2 v/v/v/v) tailored for centrifugal partition chromatographs at K‐values of 0.504, 1.057, 1.644, respectively. These three ferulic acid derivatives obtained at a purity rate exceeding 95% were analysed by an HPLC‐MS spectrometer. Turmeric extract inhibited the proliferation/viability of A549 human lung cancer, HT29 colon cancer, and T98G glioblastoma cell lines in (3‐[4,5‐dimethylthiazol‐2‐yl]‐2,5‐diphenyltetrazolium bromide) tetrazolium reduction assay (MTT). Single curcuminoids significantly decreased the viability/proliferation of lung cancer cells in a dose‐dependent manner. However, total extract displayed the superior anticancer activity in the investigated cell lines. Crude extract in combination with cisplatin augmented the decrease in the viability of cancer cells compared with single compound treatment in A549 lung cancer cells. Total extract of Curcuma longa could be regarded as being more effective against lung cancer cells in vitro than its separated compounds.