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Longevity and stress resistance are affected by activation of TOR/Myc in progenitor cells of Drosophila gut

Author:
Strilbytska, Olha M., Koliada, Alexander K., Storey, Kenneth B., Mudra, Olha, Vaiserman, Alexander M., Lushchak, Oleh
Source:
Open life sciences 2017 v.12 no.1 pp. 429-442
ISSN:
2391-5412
Subject:
Drosophila, fecundity, genes, glucose, homeostasis, insulin, intestines, lipid metabolism, longevity, protein synthesis, signal transduction, stem cells, stress tolerance
Abstract:
Diverse physiological pathways have been shown to regulate longevity, stress resistance, fecundity and feeding rates, and metabolism in Drosophila. Here we tesed physiological traits in flies with Rheb and Myc- Rheb overexpressed in gut progenitor cells, known as enteroblasts (EBs). We found that activation of TOR signaling by overexpression of Rheb in EBs decreases survival and stress resistance. Additionall, we showed that Myc co-expression in EBs reduces fly fecundity and feeding rate. Rheb overexpression enhanced the level of whole body glucose. Higher relative expression of the metabolic genes dilps, akh, tobi and pepck was, however, observed. The role of TOR/Myc in the regulation of genes involved in lipid metabolism and protein synthesis was established. We showed a significant role of TOR/Myc in EBs in the regulation of the JAK/STAT, EGFR and insulin signaling pathways in Drosophila gut. These results highlight the importance of the balance between all different types of cells and confirm previous studies demonstrating that promotion of homeostasis in the intestine of Drosophila may function as a mechanism for the extension of organismal lifespan. Overall, the results demonstrate a role of TOR signaling and its downstream target Myc in EB cells in the regulation of Drosophila physiological processes.
Agid:
5940195