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Co-composting of oil exhausted olive-cake, poultry manure and industrial residues of agro-food activity for soil amendment

Sellami, F., Jarboui, R., Hachicha, S., Medhioub, K., Ammar, E.
Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.5 pp. 1177-1188
byproducts, carbon, chemical oxygen demand, composting, composts, crop yield, electrical conductivity, field experimentation, nitrogen content, oils, olive cake, organic matter, physicochemical properties, poultry manure, soil, soil amendments, soil fertility, sugar content, temperature, wastewater
The co-composting of exhausted olive-cake with poultry manure and sesame shells was investigated. These organic solid wastes were watered by the confectionary wastewater which is characterized by its high content of residual sugars raising its COD. Four aerated windrows were performed to establish the effects of confectionary by-products on the compost process. Different mixtures of the agro-industrial wastes were used. During the composting process, physico-chemical parameters (temperature, moisture, pH, electrical conductivity, total carbon and total nitrogen) were studied. The stability of the biological system was noticed after 70 days. The final products were characterized by their relatively high organic matter content, and low C/N ratio of 14-17. The humidification of the windrows with the wastewater seemed to have accelerated the composting process in comparison to a windrow humidified with water. In addition, the organic matter degradation was enhanced to reach 55-70%. The application of the obtained composts to soil appeared to significantly improve the soil fertility. Indeed, field experiments showed an increase in potato yield; the production was 30.5-37.5tonsha-¹, compared to 30.5tonsha-¹ with farm manure.