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Modelling soil solute release and transport in run‐off on a loessial slope with and without surface stones

Dong, Wencai, Cui, Song, Fu, Qiang, Wang, Quanjiu, Cao, Chengpeng
Hydrological processes 2018 v.32 no.10 pp. 1391-1400
Richards' equation, field experimentation, mechanistic models, overland flow, runoff, soil profiles, solutes, surface area
Stone covers on loessial slopes can increase the time of infiltration by slowing the velocity of the overland flow, which reduces the transport of solutes, but few mechanistic models have been tested under water‐scouring conditions. We carried out field experiments to test a previously proposed, physically based model of water and solute transport. The area of soil infiltration was calculated from the uncovered surface area, and Richards' equation and the kinematic wave equation were used to describe water infiltration and flow along slopes with stone covers. The transport of chemicals into the run‐off from the surface soil, presumably by diffusion, and their movement in the soil profile could be described by the convection–diffusion equations of the model. The simulated and measured data correlated well. The stones on the soil surface reduced the area available for infiltration but increased the Manning coefficient, eventually leading to increased water infiltration and decreased solute loss with run‐off. Our results indicated that the traditional model of water movement and solute migration could be used to simulate water transport and solute migration for stone‐covered soil on loessial slopes.