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Susceptibility of piglets to rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus following experimental infection

Shien, J. H., Lee, L. H.
Canadian journal of veterinary research 2000 v.64 no.2 pp. 134-137
Classical swine fever virus, RNA, Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus, adrenal glands, antibodies, bile, feces, hemagglutination, kidneys, liver, lungs, lymph nodes, pathogenicity, piglets, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils, urine, vaccines, veterinary medicine
The possibility exists that rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) can be transmitted to swine, through lapinized hog cholera virus (HCV) vaccine. To investigate the infectivity of RHDV in swine, 16 four- to six-week-old piglets were inoculated subcutaneously with RHDV, and samples of liver, lung, spleen, kidney, bile, adrenal gland, tonsil, mesenteric lymph node, thymus, urine, buffy coat, and feces were collected from each of 2 animals on Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 14, and 28 post infection. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, viral RNA was detected in most tissues by Day 3 and was absent after Day 5, except in lung and liver tissues, in which viral RNA was detected up to Day 14. Viral RNA was not detected in kidney, urine, feces or bile. Antibody responses, as detected by hemagglutination inhibition, were of low titer and short duration, and were similar in animals inoculated with viable RHD and in those given formalin-inactivated RHDV (n = 2). Neither viral RNA nor antibody were detected in the negative control or in the uninfected, in-contact animals.