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Evaluation of a protective immunity induced by an inactivated influenza H3N2 vaccine after an intratracheal challenge of pigs

Bikour, M. H., Cornaglia, E., Elazhary, Y.
Canadian journal of veterinary research 1996 v.60 no.4 pp. 312-314
Influenza A virus, blood serum, immune response, immunization, influenza vaccines, piglets, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), sows, veterinary medicine, viral shedding
A challenge study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an inactivated influenza H3N2 virus vaccine combined with Quil A/Alhydrogel mixture under controlled conditions in piglets. Twenty-four piglets from 12 sows were allocated to 2 groups; injected intramuscularly with 2 doses of the tested vaccine or with PBS at 2 wk intervals and challenged intratracheally with 105TCID50 of the H3N2 swine influenza virus 6 d after the 2nd immunization. Clinical and virological parameters were recorded for 4 d after the challenge. The use of the tested vaccine produced high serum hemagglutination-inhibition titers against the swine H3N2 strain virus. This strong immune response suppressed all clinical signs and viral shedding and reduced pulmonary lesions due to the challenge in the vaccinated group, without causing any secondary effects. Our results suggest that the serum HI titers correlated with the degree of protection induced by an inactivated swine influenza H3N2 vaccine.