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Identification of superior parents and hybrids for improving canola production under optimum and late sowing conditions

Oghan, HassanAmiri, Vahed, MohammadMoghaddam, Ataei, Reza, Gholamhosseini, Majid
Euphytica 2018 v.214 no.6 pp. 91
Brassica napus var. napus, canola, electrical conductivity, general combining ability, genes, genetic variation, growing season, heritability, heterosis, heterozygosity, hybrids, inbred lines, incomplete dominance, leaves, parents, plant breeding, pods, seed weight, seed yield, seeds, sowing date, specific combining ability
Major advancement in canola breeding depends on heterotic hybrids that require high general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) inbred lines. In order to estimate heritability, gene action type, GCA, SCA and heterosis and to identify superior hybrids with wider adaptation to cold, one hundred canola hybrids were produced by crossing 10 lines and 10 testers in a Line × Tester mating design. The F₁ and F₂ generations were sown in α-lattice design in 2012 and 2013 growing seasons under optimum (early October) and late sowing (early November) conditions to be evaluated for days to flowering, days to physiological maturity, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, thousand seed weight, seed yield and leaf electrical conductivity. The combined analysis indicated sufficient genetic diversity in the population and significant difference between two sowing date. The Line × Tester analysis presented significant GCA and SCA effects for all studied traits across optimum and late sowing conditions. The main gene action type was found to be non-additive, especially incomplete dominance and over-dominance in both conditions. Narrow-sense heritability ranged from low to moderate whereas broad-sense heritability was recorded more than 60% for all of the studied traits in both generations and conditions. The average heterosis in F₂ population for all studied traits was lower than that in F₁ representing this fact that heterosis is generally related to the heterozygosity at the population level and poorly correlated with heterozygosity at the individual level.