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Genotyping-by-sequencing reveals the origin of the Tunisian relatives of cultivated carrot (Daucus carota)

Mezghani, Najla, Ruess, Holly, Tarchoun, Neji, Ben Amor, Jihene, Simon, PhilippW., Spooner, DavidM.
Genetic resources and crop evolution 2018 v.65 no.5 pp. 1359-1368
Daucus carota, carrots, center of diversity, crossing, data collection, fruits, genotyping by sequencing, islands, phylogeny, plant taxonomy, single nucleotide polymorphism, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Tunisia
Tunisia, other countries in northwestern Africa, and the Iberian Peninsula, represent a center of diversity of Daucus. The genus traditionally has included about 20–25 species worldwide, but a recent molecular study redefined and expanded Daucus to include representatives from nine other genera. By this classification, Daucus now contains about 40 species, with some of them having winged fruits in addition to its traditionally recognized spiny fruits. The taxonomy of Daucus in Tunisia has recently been studied with morphological data, concluding that D. carota subsp. capillifolius is a subspecies that co-occurs and crosses with subsp. carota. The present study extends these findings with additional data from Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) from 33 Tunisian accessions of D. carota (93 individuals with two to three replicates per accession), including the first collections of subsp. gummifer from Tunisia. Placed in the context of additional GBS data, D. carota subsp. gummifer has separate origins from other collections of subsp. carota in Tunisia and/or immediately adjacent areas to the north in Italy or its surrounding islands. Our results add support to the utility of large SNP datasets for species-level phylogenetic studies in Daucus.