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Transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses reveal that bacteria promote plant defense during infection of soybean cyst nematode in soybean

Kang, Wenshu, Zhu, Xiaofeng, Wang, Yuanyuan, Chen, Lijie, Duan, Yuxi
BMC plant biology 2018 v.18 no.1 pp. 86
Bacillus simplex, Heterodera glycines, messenger RNA, metabolites, metabolome, metabolomics, methionine, models, palmitic acid, pathogens, plant diseases and disorders, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, plant parasitic nematodes, soybeans, transcriptome, transcriptomics
BACKGROUND: Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most devastating pathogen of soybean. Our previous study showed that the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Bacillus simplex strain Sneb545 promotes soybean resistance to SCN. Here, we conducted a combined metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis to gain information regarding the biological mechanism of defence enhancement against SCN in Sneb545-treated soybean. To this end, we compared the transcriptome and metabolome of Sneb545-treated and non-treated soybeans under SCN infection. RESULTS: Transcriptomic analysis showed that 6792 gene transcripts were common in Sneb545-treated and non-treated soybeans. However, Sneb545-treated soybeans showed a higher concentration of various nematicidal metabolites, including 4-vinylphenol, methionine, piperine, and palmitic acid, than non-treated soybeans under SCN infection. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results validated and expanded the existing models regarding the co-regulation of gene expression and metabolites in plants, indicating the advantage of integrated system-oriented analysis.