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Species diversity of fungi on damaged branches and leaves of ashes (Fraxinus spp.) in different types of stands in Slovakia

Author:
Pastirčáková, Katarína, Ivanová, Helena, Pastirčák, Martin
Source:
Central European Forestry Journal 2018 v.64 no.2 pp. 133-139
ISSN:
0323-1046
Subject:
Basidiomycota, Deuteromycotina, Fraxinus angustifolia, Fraxinus excelsior, Fraxinus ornus, Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, Phyllactinia, anamorphs, branches, forest stands, fungi, herbaria, home gardens, leaves, necrosis, pathogens, powdery mildew, seed orchards, shoots, species diversity, trees, vegetation, Slovakia
Abstract:
The diversity of fungi on branches and leaves of ashes (Fraxinus angustifolia, F. excelsior, F. ornus) in Slovakia was studied. Symptomatic material collected in Slovakia during the period of 2013 to 2017 and herbarium specimens previously collected were examined. In total, 30 fungal taxa (15 Deuteromycetes, 14 Ascomycetes and one Basidiomycetes) were recorded. Twenty-three of them have never been recorded on ashes in the country. The most frequently occurring fungi were Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea) that causes necrosis of shoots and branches, and Phyllactinia fraxini, a foliar pathogen that causes powdery mildew disease. Fungal diversity on ashes growing in different types of stands was compared. Species richness was the greatest in seed orchards (20 fungal taxa) compared to private gardens, which contained the lowest (two fungal taxa). Species diversity in forest stands comprised 18 fungal taxa and the urban greenery was represented by 10 fungal taxa. Nine fungal taxa were recorded in tree alley along the road. The widest fungal species spectrum was recorded on F. excelsior.
Agid:
5947731