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Electromagnetic field exposure (50 Hz) impairs response to noxious heat in American cockroach

Maliszewska, Justyna, Marciniak, Patrycja, Kletkiewicz, Hanna, Wyszkowska, Joanna, Nowakowska, Anna, Rogalska, Justyna
Journal of comparative physiology 2018 v.204 no.6 pp. 605-611
Periplaneta americana, ambient temperature, biochemical pathways, electromagnetic field, glutathione, heat, lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde
Exposure to electromagnetic field (EMF) induces physiological changes in organism that are observed at different levels—from biochemical processes to behavior. In this study, we evaluated the effect of EMF exposure (50 Hz, 7 mT) on cockroach’s response to noxious heat, measured as the latency to escape from high ambient temperature. We also measured the levels of lipid peroxidation and glutathione content as markers of oxidative balance in cockroaches exposed to EMF. Our results showed that exposure to EMF for 24, 72 h and 7 days significantly increases the latency to escape from noxious heat. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels increased significantly after 24-h EMF exposure and remained elevated up to 7 days of exposure. Glutathione levels significantly declined in cockroaches exposed to EMF for 7 days. These results demonstrate that EMF exposure is a considerable stress factor that affects oxidative state and heat perception in American cockroach.