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Acute and chronic toxicity of diuron and carbofuran to the neotropical cladoceran Ceriodaphnia silvestrii

Mansano, AdrislaineS., Moreira, RaquelA., Dornfeld, HugoC., Diniz, LiaG. R., Vieira, EnyM., Daam, MichielA., Rocha, Odete, Seleghim, MirnaH. R.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.14 pp. 13335-13346
Ceriodaphnia, active ingredients, aquatic organisms, carbofuran, chronic toxicity, diuron, ecosystems, environmental assessment, indigenous species, invertebrates, risk, risk assessment, surface water, toxicity testing
In order to contribute to the increase of the body of knowledge on the sensitivity of tropical indigenous species to pesticides, acute and chronic toxicity tests were conducted with the neotropical cladoceran Ceriodaphnia silvestrii. Tests were carried out with the active ingredients diuron and carbofuran and one of their commercial formulations, the Diuron Nortox® 500 SC and the Furadan® 350 SC, respectively. For carbofuran, the active ingredient was more toxic than the commercial product, whereas for diuron, the commercial product appeared more toxic. In addition, hormetic effects on fertility were recorded for intermediate diuron concentrations. Acute and chronic toxicity data indicated that C. silvestrii was among the most sensitive invertebrate species for both test compounds. Based on concentrations measured in Brazilian water bodies, these compounds represent ecological risks for causing direct and indirect toxic effects on C. silvestrii and other aquatic organisms. Our results support previous claims on the advantages of using native species to better tune ecological risk assessment of chemicals in tropical ecosystems.