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Effect of natural gas flaring upon the butterfly, Eurema hecabe (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) and its host plant, Cassia tora (Fabales: Fabaceae) in two group gathering stations of Assam, India: an approach of environmental monitoring
- Sarma, Bitopan, Bhattacharyya, PranabRam, Bhuyan, Mantu
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.14 pp. 13964-13974
- Pieridae, Senna tora, atmospheric chemistry, butterflies, carbon, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, environmental monitoring, herbivores, host plants, humidity, leaves, natural gas, nitrogen, pollutants, temperature, wells, India
- Apart from other pollutants, flaring of natural gas adds carbon dioxide into the environment and changes the atmospheric composition, including temperature and humidity. As a major gaseous product, carbon dioxide changes plant structural components as well as herbivores, i.e., insect by dilution of nitrogen under such circumstances. Present analysis demonstrated the impact of gas flaring upon adjoining biota especially Eurema hecabe butterfly and its host plant, Cassia tora in some wells (group gathering stations) of Assam, India. Analysis, pertaining from the current investigation, documented higher carbon dioxide as well as temperature in the studied flaring sites. Apart from this, reduction of leaf nitrogen, SLA, and chlorophyll with increasing in LDMC, thickness, and carbon in the studied plant as well as poor developmental rate, RGR, ECD with high RCR in insect indicated severe impact of flaring in those areas. Simulation studies with different concentration of CO₂ in open top chamber on the plant and butterfly also revealed similar trend of results.