Main content area

Toxic effect of commercial detergents on organisms from different trophic levels

Sobrino-Figueroa, A.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.14 pp. 13283-13291
Amphipoda, Cladocera, Ostracoda, bioassays, cleaning agents, detergents, fish, laundry, laundry products, lethal concentration 50, macrophytes, median effective concentration, microalgae, surfactants, temperate zones, toxicity, trophic levels, tropics
The toxic effects of four powder detergents: two laundry detergents (A and B), one household detergent (C), one dishwashing detergent (D), and the surfactant alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) were analyzed in this study on organisms from different trophic levels (microalgae, cladocerans, ostracods, amphipods, macrophytes, and fish). LC₅₀ and EC₅₀ values obtained in the toxicity bioassays varied between 0.019 and 116.9 mg L⁻¹. The sensitivity of the organisms to the detergents was (from most sensitive to least sensitive) Ostracods > microalgae > amphipods > cladocerans > fishes > macrophytes. The toxicity of the commercial products (from most toxic to least toxic) was LAS > D (dishwashing detergent) > A (laundry detergent) > B (laundry detergent) > C (household detergent). When comparing the sensitivity of organisms that inhabit temperate zones (T = 18 °C) to those that are found in tropical zones (T > 25 °C), it was clear that the species that inhabit the tropics are more sensitive to detergents.