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On the flocculation and settling characteristics of low- and high-concentration sediment suspensions: effects of particle concentration and salinity conditions
- Zhu, Zhongfan, Xiong, Xiangzhong, Liang, Chaohuang, Zhao, Ming
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.14 pp. 14226-14243
- cations, flocculation, salinity, sediments, sodium chloride
- It remains unclear how the primary particle concentration and salinity conditions influence the flocculation and settling characteristics of water-sediment suspensions. In this study, two sets of experiments were performed to examine the flocculation and settling properties of low- and high-concentration sediment suspensions. In low-concentration suspensions, the sediment concentration undergoes a rapid initial decrease followed by a slow decrease until it approaches zero with increasing flocculation time. Increases in salinity or the valence of cations from the saline solution added to the suspension lead to a more rapidly decreasing sediment concentration with flocculation time. The valence of cations from the saline solution has a larger influence on the flocculation-settling behaviours of the suspension than the salinity. In high-concentration sediment suspensions, the height of the clear water-turbid water interface in the water-sediment suspension experiences an initial, rapidly decreasing phase followed by a slowly decreasing phase with increasing flocculation time. Increasing the primary particle concentration, salinity or valence of cations from the saline solution added to the suspension causes the height reduction of the clear water-turbid water interface to become gentler. Finally, the valence of cations from the saline solution has a greater influence on the settling characteristics of the high-concentration water-sediment suspension than the salinity.