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Weed Control with and Strawberry Tolerance to Herbicides Applied through Drip Irrigation

Author:
Yu, Jialin, Boyd, Nathan S.
Source:
Weed technology 2017 v.31 no.6 pp. 870-876
ISSN:
1550-2740
Subject:
Cyperus esculentus, Cyperus rotundus, Fragaria, Geranium carolinianum, application timing, coasts, education, field experimentation, flumioxazin, fomesafen, grasses, growers, halosulfuron, herbicide resistance, metolachlor, microirrigation, napropamide, oxyfluorfen, pesticide application, strawberries, weed control, Florida
Abstract:
Broadleaves, grasses, and nutsedge species are persistent problems with limited management options for strawberry growers in Florida. Field experiments were conducted in 2015-2016 (year 1) and 2016-2017 (year 2) at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Balm, FL, to evaluate weed control and strawberry tolerance to herbicides applied through the drip irrigation. 2940 g ai ha-1 EPTC, 105 g ai ha-1 flumioxazin, 570 g ai ha-1 fomesafen, 52 g ai ha-1 halosulfuron, 3585 g ai ha-1 napropamide, oxyfluorfen 560 g ai ha-1, and 1070 g ai ha-1 S-metolachlor were applied through a single drip tape at 7 or 14 d prior to transplanting. Halosulfuron was the most injurious herbicide, causing 18 and 46% injury at 35 d after transplanting (DATP) in year 1 when the herbicide was applied 7 and 14 d prior to transplanting, respectively. However, strawberry plants recovered from the initial injury and there was no reduction in total berry yield. None of the other herbicides evaluated elicited significant crop injury nor reduced berry yield. Averaged over application timings, EPTC, fomesafen, and napropamide suppressed yellow nutsedge emergence to 49, 64, and 41% of the nontreated control, respectively. Flumioxazin, fomesafen, and halosulfuron suppressed black medic emergence to 55, 52, and 55% of the nontreated control, respectively. None of the herbicides evaluated adequately suppressed Carolina geranium. Overall, results suggest that the evaluated herbicides with the exception of halosulfuron are safe for use on strawberry and would give growers an alternative management option. Drip-applied herbicides permit application closer to the transplant date and would be helpful as part of a weed control program for weed suppression. Nomenclature: EPTC; flumioxazin; fomesafen; halosulfuron; napropamide; oxyfluorfen; S-metolachlor; Carolina geranium, Geranium carolinianum L.; purple nutsedge, Cyperus rotundus L.; strawberry, Fragaria × ananessa (Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier.
Agid:
5949888