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Potential Benefit and Risk of Fluridone as a Fall Germination Stimulant in Western Canada

Tidemann, Breanne D., Hall, Linda M., Harker, K. Neil, Beckie, Hugh J.
Weed technology 2017 v.31 no.5 pp. 773-780
Avena fatua, Brassica napus, Galium spurium, Pisum sativum, Triticum aestivum, autumn, biomass, canola, crop rotation, crops, fluridone, germination, herbicide resistance, oats, peas, risk, spring, weed control, wheat, Alberta
Herbicide resistance has increased the need for novel weed control strategies. Fluridone has herbicidal as well as potential germination stimulant activity. The objectives of this study were to evaluate fluridone as a fall-applied germination stimulant for weed control and to assess rotational crop tolerance. Fall-applied fluridone was compared with a nontreated control in areas established with false cleavers, volunteer canola, and wild oat at Lacombe, AB, in 2014–2015 and 2015–2016, and at St Albert, AB, in 2015–2016. In the fall, there was a trend for weed densities to be higher in fluridone treatments than in untreated controls across site-years. The stimulatory effect of fluridone on weed germination was not statistically significant in fall assessments, while the weed control effect was significant in 33% of spring assessments. While fluridone reduced weed biomass for some site-years, it also reduced canola crop emergence and biomass at St Albert in 2015–2016, and caused injury symptoms on wheat and field pea. Risk of carryover to subsequent crops outweighed the benefits of using fluridone in the fall to stimulate weed germination in this study. Nomenclature: Fluridone; false cleavers, Galium spurium L. GALSP; canola, Brassica napus L. BRSNN; wild oat, Avena fatua L. AVEFA; field pea, Pisum sativum L.; wheat, Triticum aestivum L.