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Antifungal and antitermitic activities of wood vinegar from oil palm trunk

Oramahi, Hasan Ashari, Yoshimura, Tsuyoshi, Diba, Farah, Setyawati, Dina, Nurhaida,
Journal of wood science 2018 v.64 no.3 pp. 311-317
Coptotermes formosanus, Coriolus versicolor, Elaeis guineensis, Fomitopsis palustris, antifungal properties, bioassays, brown-rot fungi, growth retardation, mortality, pyrolysis, temperature, vinegars, white-rot fungi, wood
We evaluated the antifungal and antitermite activities of wood vinegars produced from oil palm trunk. The wood vinegars were produced at three different pyrolysis temperatures, 350, 400, and 450 °C. Antifungal activities of vinegars were evaluated using a Petri dish bioassay with 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5% (v/v) against a white-rot fungus, Trametes versicolor, and a brown-rot fungus, Fomitopsis palustris. Antitermite activities were tested using a no-choice bioassay method for Coptotermes formosanus with 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, and 10.0% (v/v). All the wood vinegars exhibited antifungal activities against T. versicolor. In particular, the wood vinegar produced at 350 °C resulted in complete inhibition of T. versicolor growth at 1.0 and 1.5%. However, higher concentrations were required to obtain growth inhibition of F. palustris. All the wood vinegars exhibited antitermite activity to C. formosanus workers in the no-choice experiment at relatively high concentrations. For instance, 10% concentration was required to achieve 100% mortality against C. formosanus at all production temperatures. The lowest mass loss of the treated filter paper of 11.75% was obtained with a 350 °C—10.0% combination.