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DNA polymorphisms and genetic relationship among populations of Acacia leucophloea using RAPD markers

Mutharaian, V.N., Kamalakannan, R., Mayavel, A., Makesh, S., Kwon, S.H., Kang, K.-S.
Journal of forestry research 2018 v.29 no.4 pp. 1013-1020
Acacia leucophloea, DNA, breeding programs, cluster analysis, genetic relationships, genetic similarity, provenance, random amplified polymorphic DNA technique, species identification, tree breeding, India
RAPD (randomly amplified polymorphic DNA) markers were employed to characterize polymorphisms among 5 provenances of Acacia leucophloea and to detect genetic relatedness of the species with 6 other acacias (A. holosericea, A. auriculiformis, A. mangium, A. dealbata, A. ferruginea, and A. nilotica) widely grown in India. Of 194 markers scored for the provenances, 29.38% exhibited polymorphism. Also, 326 markers were generated among 7 species of Acacia, accounting for 55.82% of the polymorphisms. The fifteen 10-mer primers employed were capable of producing 1–8 polymorphic bands for the provenances, and 6–17 for all seven species of Acacia. The genetic similarity coefficient based on Jaccard’s coefficient revealed that provenances Thirumangalam and Dharmapuri were closely related. The dendrogram based on a sequential agglomerative hierarchical non-overlapping (SAHN) clustering analysis grouped 4 provenances of A. leucophloea (Dharapuram, Thirumangalam, Pudukottai and Dharmapuri) into one cluster and the other provenance, Sendurai, into a separate cluster. The genetic similarity matrix for 7 Acacia species showed that A. nilotica and A. dealbata were distantly related, while A. holosericea and A. ferruginea were very closely related. Cluster analysis grouped the species of Acacias into 3 major groups of which A. dealbata alone formed a separate group. The RAPD markers generated 36 provenance-specific markers and 162 species-specific markers that could have strong applications for species identification and tree breeding programs for A. leucophloea and for other Acacia species included in this study.