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Thermal Stability Assessment of Vegetable Oils by Raman Spectroscopy and Chemometrics
- Alvarenga, BeneditoRoberto, Jr, Xavier, FelipeAugusto Neres, Soares, FredericoLuis Felipe, Carneiro, RenatoLajarim
- Food analytical methods 2018 v.11 no.7 pp. 1969-1976
- Helianthus annuus, Raman spectroscopy, baking, canola, chemometrics, coconuts, cooking fats and oils, corn, cotton, deep fat frying, extra-virgin olive oil, restaurants, risk, soybeans, temperature, thermal stability, vegetable oil, Brazil
- Vegetable oils are widely used in culinary, e.g. in deep frying, cooking, and baking. During these processes, the oils are submitted to high temperatures, giving rise to unhealthy compounds. The risk for the health related to oil consumption resulted in a search for more healthy and stable oils, which could maintain their properties during the cooking process. The aim of this work was to evaluate the thermal stability of the most common oils used for cooking in Brazil by Raman spectroscopy. Eight types of vegetable oils (cotton, extra virgin olive oil, refined olive oil, canola, coconut, sunflower, corn, and soybean) were evaluated, heating them at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 205 °C. The stability of oils presented high correlation with their smoke points. As expected, the more evident spectral changes were observed in the oils that present lower smoke points. The refined oils, which in general present higher smoke points, presented better stability. In this study, the more stable oils were sunflower, cotton, and canola. These results showed that Raman spectroscopy allied with chemometric tools as a fast and accurate method to evaluate the thermal stability of edible oils. At the same way, this technique could be employed to monitor and check the quality of oils used in restaurants.