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Growth characteristics, stress-wave velocity, and Pilodyn penetration of 15 clones of 12-year-old Tectona grandis trees planted at two different sites in Indonesia
- Hidayati, Fanny, Ishiguri, Futoshi, Iizuka, Kazuya, Makino, Kazuko, Tanabe, Jun, Marsoem, Sri Nugroho, Na’iem, Mohammad, Yokota, Shinso, Yoshizawa, Nobuo
- Journal of wood science 2013 v.59 no.3 pp. 249-254
- Tectona grandis, clones, genotype-environment interaction, planting, stems, tree breeding, tree growth, tree trunk, trees, wood properties, wood quality, Indonesia
- Tree improvement programs for teak (Tectona grandis) have mainly focused on breeding of trees with superior growth characteristics. However, improvement in wood quality should be included in breeding programs for high yield and high quality timber. In the present study, growth characteristics [stem diameter (D), tree height (H), and bole volume (V)], stress-wave velocity (SWV), and Pilodyn penetration (Py) were measured for 15 clones of 12-year-old teak trees planted at two different sites in Indonesia to clarify the variations in tree growth characteristics, SWV, and Py among clones, their repeatability, interaction between genotype and environment, and correlations between measured characteristics. Significant differences of all measured characteristics were found among 15 clones at both sites. Their repeatability showed relatively moderate to high values in both sites. These results indicate that these characteristics are closely related to genetic factors. Significant interaction between genotype and environment was found in all measured characteristics. In addition, SWV and Py showed lower interaction between genotype and environment than growth characteristics. No significant correlation was found between growth characteristics and SWV. These results suggest that wood properties and growth characteristics of teak trees can be improved by application of an appropriate tree breeding program.