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Current and future effectiveness of the Natura 2000 network for protecting plant species in Sardinia: a nice and complex strategy in its raw state?
- Fois, Mauro, Bacchetta, Gianluigi, Cogoni, Donatella, Fenu, Giuseppe
- Journal of environmental planning and management 2018 v.61 no.2 pp. 332-347
- biodiversity, climatic factors, conservation status, flora, georeferencing, habitat conservation, hosts, indigenous species, laws and regulations, surveys, vascular plants, Sardinia
- Sardinia hosts 186 endemic plant species and represents an important centre for Mediterranean biodiversity. In view of the threats facing its flora, 27 terrestrial vascular plants have been listed in international regulations and 124 sites designated for species and habitat conservation. This study analyses gaps in the Natura 2000 network and the current and future distribution of four representative plants. Each plant population was georeferenced and the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 network was compared according to conservation status and distribution. Future species distributions were modelled by considering current climatic conditions and future scenarios. In apparent discordance with other results, we found that the Natura 2000 network represents most plant species well. This research shows a forward-looking survey on the regional effectiveness of protection measures which led us to confirm the need to enhance the current state of the Natura 2000 network by implementing local legislation and regulations.