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Label-Free and Recalibrated Multilayer MoS2 Biosensor for Point-of-Care Diagnostics

Park, Heekyeong, Han, Gyuchull, Lee, Sang Woo, Lee, Hyungbeen, Jeong, Seok Hwan, Naqi, Muhammad, AlMutairi, AbdulAziz, Kim, Young Jun, Lee, Joonhyung, Kim, Wan-joong, Kim, Sunkook, Yoon, Youngki, Yoo, Geonwook
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2017 v.9 no.50 pp. 43490-43497
biomarkers, biosensors, diagnostic techniques, engineering, materials science, molybdenum disulfide, point-of-care systems, prostatic neoplasms, simulation models, transistors
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) field-effect transistor (FET)-based biosensors have attracted significant attention as promising candidates for highly sensitive, label-free biomolecule detection devices. In this paper, toward practical applications of biosensors, we demonstrate reliable and quantitative detection of a prostate cancer biomarker using the MoS₂ FET biosensor in a nonaqueous environment by reducing nonspecific molecular binding events and realizing uniform chemisorption of anti-PSA onto the MoS₂ surface. A systematic and statistical study on the capability of the proposed device is presented, and the biological binding events are directly confirmed and characterized through intensive structural and electrical analysis. Our proposed biosensor can reliably detect various PSA concentrations with a limit of 100 fg/mL. Moreover, rigorous theoretical simulations provide a comprehensive understanding of the operating mechanism of the MoS₂ FET biosensors, and further suggests the enhancement of the sensitivity through engineering device design parameters.