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Evaluation of Petrifilm Lactic Acid Bacteria Plates for Counting Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food

Author:
Kanagawa, Satomi, Ohshima, Chihiro, Takahashi, Hajime, Burenqiqige, Kikuchi, Misato, Sato, Fumina, Nakamura, Ayaka, Mohamed, Shimaa M., Kuda, Takashi, Kimura, Bon
Source:
Journal of food protection 2018 v.81 no.6 pp. 1030-1034
ISSN:
0362-028X
Subject:
adverse effects, agar, discoloration, fermented foods, food industry, food production, food spoilage, lactic acid bacteria, nucleotide sequences, plate count, processed foods, quality control, sequence analysis, spoilage, starter cultures, yeasts
Abstract:
Although lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are used widely as starter cultures in the production of fermented foods, they are also responsible for food decay and deterioration. The undesirable growth of LAB in food causes spoilage, discoloration, and slime formation. Because of these adverse effects, food companies test for the presence of LAB in production areas and processed foods and consistently monitor the behavior of these bacteria. The 3M Petrifilm LAB Count Plates have recently been launched as a time-saving and simple-to-use plate designed for detecting and quantifying LAB. This study compares the abilities of Petrifilm LAB Count Plates and the de Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS) agar medium to determine the LAB count in a variety of foods and swab samples collected from a food production area. Bacterial strains isolated from Petrifilm LAB Count Plates were identified by 16S rDNA sequence analysis to confirm the specificity of these plates for LAB. The results showed no significant difference in bacterial counts measured by using Petrifilm LAB Count Plates and MRS medium. Furthermore, all colonies growing on Petrifilm LAB Count Plates were confirmed to be LAB, while yeast colonies also formed in MRS medium. Petrifilm LAB Count Plates eliminated the plate preparation and plate inoculation steps, and the cultures could be started as soon as a diluted food sample was available. Food companies are required to establish quality controls and perform tests to check the quality of food products; the use of Petrifilm LAB Count Plates can simplify this testing process for food companies.