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Vitamin D Supplementation and Survival in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Antunac Golubić, Z., Baršić, I., Librenjak, N., Pleština, S.
Nutrition and cancer 2018 v.70 no.3 pp. 413-417
cholecalciferol, colorectal neoplasms, drug therapy, metastasis, patients, vitamin D deficiency, vitamin supplements
Background: Some studies have demonstrated that higher baseline plasma levels of 25-hydroxivitamin D [25(OH)D] are associated with a significant reduction in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence. Patients with metastatic CRC (mCRC) tend to be vitamin D insufficient, but the effect of vitamin D on the survival of mCRC patients still remains uncertain. In this study, we evaluated the association between cholecalciferol 2,000 IU daily supplementation and survival of mCRC patients. Methods: Seventy-two patients with mCRC were included. Seventy-one patients with 25(OH)D levels <75 nmol/l were randomized to receive standard chemotherapy or standard chemotherapy with cholecalciferol 2,000 IU daily. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) and the secondary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The follow-up period was 46 mo. Results: All but one patient (98.6%) was vitamin D insufficient. There was no statistically significant difference in OS or PFS between those who received vitamin D supplements and controls. Conclusions: The majority of patients with mCRC are vitamin D insufficient at the time of diagnosis. In our study, adding 2,000 IU of cholecalciferol daily for 2 yr to standard chemotherapy did not show any benefit in OS or PFS.