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Antiproliferative Effect of Vine Stem Extract from Spatholobus Suberectus Dunn on Rat C6 Glioma Cells Through Regulation of ROS, Mitochondrial Depolarization, and P21 Protein Expression

Kim, Hyungkuen, Yi, Sun Shin, Lee, Hak-Kyo, Heo, Tae-Hwe, Park, Sang-Kyu, Jun, Hyun Sik, Song, Ki Duk, Kim, Sung-Jo
Nutrition and cancer 2018 v.70 no.4 pp. 605-619
Spatholobus, Western blotting, antineoplastic activity, antioxidant activity, bioactive compounds, cell cycle checkpoints, gene expression, herbal medicines, messenger RNA, mitochondria, mitochondrial membrane, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, protein synthesis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rats, reactive oxygen species, viability, vines, China
The vine stem of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn (SS) is used as a traditional herbal medicine in China. Chinese herbal medicines are well known as natural bioactive compounds that can be used as new medicines, and their antioxidant and anticancer effects have also been reported. This study aimed to examine the anticancer effect of a high-pressure hot-water SS extract on rat C6 glioma cells. The SS extract effectively suppressed the viability and proliferation of C6 glioma cells through an antioxidant effect. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in cancer cells are higher than that in normal cells. If the ROS level falls below that required for the growth of cancer cells, their rapid proliferation and growth can be suppressed. We also measured the induction of mitochondrial membrane depolarization and cell cycle arrest effect caused by the SS extract in C6 glioma cells through a FACS analysis. In addition, we observed an increase in STAT3, p53, E2F1, and p21 mRNA expression and a decrease in Bcl-2 mRNA expression by quantitative PCR. An increase in p21 protein expression of over 83% was observed through western blot analysis. All these data support the fact that the high-pressure hot-water SS extract has the potential to be used for glioma treatment.