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Amendment of vanadium-contaminated soil with soil conditioners: A study based on pot experiments with canola plants (Brassica campestris L.)
- Zhang, Wenjie, Jiang, Jianguo, Li, Kaimin, Li, Tianran, Li, De' an, Wang, Jiaming
- International journal of phytoremediation 2018 v.20 no.5 pp. 454-461
- Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, analysis of variance, bentonite, bioaccumulation, biomass, canola, composts, fly ash, heavy metals, humic acids, peat, phytoremediation, polluted soils, polyacrylamide, sepiolite, sludge, soil conditioners, vanadium
- We performed pot experiments with canola plants (Brassica campestris L.) to evaluate the effect of eight soil conditioners on the amendment of vanadium (V)-contaminated soil based on analysis of the growth of canola plants and the uptake, bioaccumulation, and translocation of heavy metals. Tested soil conditioners included polyacrylamide (PAM), sepiolite, humic acid (HAC), peat, sludge compost (SC), bentonite, lime, and fly ash. Results from the analysis of the growth of canola plants and the analysis of variance showed that the best soil conditioners for V-contaminated soil were 0.05–0.1 wt% PAM, 1 wt% peat, 1 wt% HAC, and 1 wt% SC; moderately effective soil conditioners included sepiolite and lime. The best combination of soil conditioners was 0.1 wt% PAM, 1 wt% HAC, and 0.15 wt% lime, in addition of 1% ZVI, which increased the biomass and height of canola plants by 1.18-fold and 59.49%, respectively. We conclude that the best combination of soil conditioners determined from this study is promising for mitigating V contamination in soil.