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The effect of different nitrogen levels on yield and quality of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana bert.)

Esra Uçar, Kenan Turgut, Yaşar Özyiğit, Temel Özek, Gülmira Özek
Journal of plant nutrition 2018 v.41 no.9 pp. 1130-1137
Food and Agriculture Organization, Stevia rebaudiana, biomass, clay loam soils, glycosides, leaves, nitrogen, pH, steviol, stevioside, Mediterranean region, Turkey (country)
In the present work, the efficiency of different nitrogen doses (0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 kg ha⁻¹) on growth, yield, and quality of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert.) was investigated in 2011–2013. The study was conducted in Antalya located in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Terra rossa type soil (LVx, FAO) characteristics of the experimental field were clay loam, with high amounts of lime (33,9%) and slightly alkaline (pH 7.7). The experiment was carried out in randomized block design with four replications. All the results were summarized as mean of three years. The highest fresh and dry biomass yields (26.75 t ha⁻¹ and 7.5 ha⁻¹, respectively) were obtained from 150 kg ha⁻¹ N dose and followed by 100 kg ha⁻¹ N dose (26.29 t ha⁻¹ and 7.24 ha⁻¹, respectively). Whereas the highest fresh and dry leaf yields (13.27 t ha⁻¹ and 3.82 t ha⁻¹, respectively) were realized in 100 kg ha⁻¹ N dose. Actually, all nitrogen doses gave higher biomass and leaf yields compared to the control. On the hand, major steviol glycosides (stevioside and rebaudioside A) in the leaf were not influenced by nitrogen levels. In conclusion, 100 kg ha⁻¹ N dose was found to be suitable for cultivation of stevia under field conditions.