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Growth, symbiosis, productivity, and profitability of soybean at varying planting methods and nitrogen levels

Virk, Harpreet Kaur, Singh, Guriqbal, Manes, Gursahib Singh
Journal of plant nutrition 2018 v.41 no.9 pp. 1184-1196
costs and returns, field experimentation, nitrogen, no-tillage, nutrient uptake, planting, profitability, seed yield, sowing, soybeans, straw, symbiosis, wheat
A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of different planting methods (Happy Seeder sowing, Straw Chopper + Zero Tillage sowing, and conventional sowing) and nitrogen (N) levels (0%, 75%, 100%, and 125% of recommended N) on the emergence, growth, symbiotic parameters, productivity, and profitability of soybean sown after wheat harvest. Growth and symbiotic parameters were significantly better under Happy Seeder sowing and Straw Chopper + Zero Tillage sowing than conventional sowing. The seed yield, nutrient uptake, and economic returns were significantly higher under Happy Seeder sowing than other methods. The growth parameters, symbiotic parameters, biological, straw, and seed yields were increased significantly up to 100% recommended N level. The nutrient uptake increased significantly up to 100% recommended N level. Therefore, sowing with Happy Seeder after combine harvested wheat along with 100% recommended N would best optimize soybean yield and profitability.