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Yellow melon yield in response to mineral or organic fertilization

de Souza, Jaciane Rosa Maria, Artur, Adriana Guirado, Taniguchi, Carlos Alberto Kenji, Pinheiro, José Israel
Journal of plant nutrition 2018 v.41 no.9 pp. 1197-1204
cattle manure, color, dry matter accumulation, fertilizer application, flowering, fruit yield, fruiting, hybrids, irrigation water, leaves, manure spreading, melons, mineral fertilizers, nitrogen, nutritional status, organic fertilizers, phosphates, phosphorus, potassium, poultry manure, seedlings, soil, soil analysis, stems, Brazil
Although current recommendations in Brazil suggest the application of mineral and organic fertilizers, there is little information regarding the interaction between them in melon plants. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of mineral and organic fertilization in the plant development, nutritional status, and fruit yield of yellow melon. The following fertilizations were evaluated: mineral fertilization; bovine manure; bovine manure associated with mineral fertilization; poultry litter; and poultry litter associated with mineral fertilization. Bovine manure and poultry litter were applied at rates equivalent to 15 m³ ha⁻¹ and 5 m³ ha⁻¹, respectively. Phosphorus and potassium were applied based on the results of the soil analysis and nitrogen based on the expected yield of 20 to 30 t ha⁻¹ of fruits. Phosphate and organic fertilizers were applied at the time of preparation of the beds, while nitrogen and potassium were supplied daily through irrigation water. Goldex F1 melon hybrid seedlings were used in the experiment. Plants were collected to evaluate the dry matter production at beginning of flowering, beginning of fruiting, fruit growth, and fruit harvest. Leaves were collected at flowering stage to evaluate the nutritional status of plants. Harvest was made when the fruits reached the intense yellow coloration. Organic fertilizers alone and combined to mineral fertilizer did not affect the dry matter yield of leaves, stems, fruits and shoot, the concentrations of macro and micronutrients in melon leaves, the nitrogen accumulation in the plant, and the yield of the yellow melon. The application of bovine manure associated to mineral fertilization showed the lowest values of nitrogen recovery applied. Bovine manure application resulted in increase of nitrogen organic forms in soil.