U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government


Main content area

Effects of nitrogen forms and calcium amounts on growth and elemental concentration in Rosa hybrida cv. ‘Vendentta’

Banijamali, S. Mohammad, Feizian, Mohammad, Bayat, Hosein, Mirzaei, Sahar
Journal of plant nutrition 2018 v.41 no.9 pp. 1205-1213
Rosa, ammonium, ammonium nitrogen, boron, calcium, copper, flowers, hybrids, hydroponics, iron, leaves, manganese, nitrogen, nutrient solutions, phosphorus, potassium, stems, zinc
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of calcium and nitrogen on quality and quantity of Rosa hybrida in hydroponic culture, using factorial complete randomized design with different levels of ammonium-N (0, 2.5, and 5 mM) and calcium (1.6 and 4.8 mM). The results indicated that ammonium-N concentration of 2 mM increased the number of flowers, length of pedicles, and fresh weight of flower stem per plant. 5 mM of ammonium-N caused a significant decrease in most of the measured characteristics. Increase in calcium concentration enhanced nitrogen, calcium, manganese, and boron; while, potassium, zinc, and copper decreased in the leaf. Flower diameter and fresh weight of flower stems per plant increased significantly. With application of ammonium in the nutrient solution, calcium and potassium concentration in the leaf decreased, whereas phosphorus, zinc, manganese, iron, and boron significantly increased. Therefore, application of 2.5 mM ammonium-N and 4.8 mM calcium are recommended.