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The response of Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) to nitrogen supply under greenhouse condition

Karimi, Mojtaba, Moradi, Kosar
Journal of plant nutrition 2018 v.41 no.13 pp. 1695-1704
Stevia rebaudiana, fertilizer rates, glycosides, greenhouse production, greenhouses, metabolites, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, perennials, steviol, sweeteners, urea
Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) is a perennial plant producing some natural sweeteners. Stevia is considered as a new crop in some countries. This study was conducted to find the stevia response to nitrogen fertilizer supply. Different levels of nitrogen (0, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 kg/ha from urea source) were used in a greenhouse condition and then the stevia growth and metabolites were assessed under different availability of nitrogen. Results showed that the optimum growth of stevia was obtained by 60 kg/ha nitrogen and more nitrogen supply did not enhance the stevia growth. It was observed that the total steviol glycosides (SVglys) content of Stevia was significantly increased by nitrogen fertilizer application just up to 30 kg/ha, while it decreased by more rates of nitrogen fertilizer. Our result clearly showed that SVglys yield reached to maximum value by application of 60 kg/ha of nitrogen fertilizer. Since the variation of SVglys content and shoot growth of the stevia were compromised by 60 kg/ha nitrogen, it can be concluded that 60 kg/ha of nitrogen fertilizer could be considered as an optimum rate of nitrogen for stevia and could also be recommended for greenhouse conditions.