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Enhancing of symbiotic efficiency and salinity tolerance of chickpea by phosphorus supply Section B Soil and plant science

Sadji-Ait Kaci, H., Chaker- Haddadj, A., Aid, F.
Acta agriculturæ Scandinavica 2018 v.68 no.6 pp. 534-540
chickpeas, leaves, mannitol, nitrogen fixation, nodulation, nutrient use efficiency, phosphorus, phytomass, plant organs, potassium, saline soils, salinity, salt stress, salt tolerance, symbiosis, yeast extract
This study aims to highlight the beneficial effect of the phosphorus on enhancing of growth plant, the efficiency of use rhizobial symbiosis and ionic partition in chickpea grown under salt stress. Exposure of plants to salt stress (0, 150 mM of NaCl) caused ionic imbalance, which resulted in increased Na⁺ and P and reduced K⁺ contents in the leaves and root. Indeed, stressed plants showed decrease of plant growth and phosphorus use efficiency. The efficiency use of rhizobial symbiosis was also affected by salinity. However, addition of two different level of phosphorus (37 and 55 mM) to saline soil increased significantly availability of P in plant organs. Specially, the (150 mM NaCl × 37 mM P) mixture increased (33%) phosphorus use efficiency, induced better nodulation and increased plant biomass which results in the high efficiency in use of the rhizobial symbiosis. Our findings suggest that the combination of low level of P to saline soil presumably improved the tolerance of chickpea plant to salinity. Abbreviations: phosphorus (P); phosphorus use efficiency (PUE); biological nitrogen fixation (BNF); plant dry weight (PDW); yeast extract mannitol (YEM); efficiency in use of the rhizobial symbiosis (EURS); shoot dry weight (SDW); symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF).