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Study of the enantiomeric separation of the anticholinergic drugs on two immobilized polysaccharide‐based chiral stationary phases by HPLC and the possible chiral recognition mechanisms

Li, Meng, Zhao, Yu, Zhou, Li, Yu, Jia, Wang, Jian, Guo, Xingjie
Electrophoresis 2018 v.39 no.11 pp. 1361-1369
additives, alcohols, drugs, electrophoresis, high performance liquid chromatography, polysaccharides, scopolamine, thermodynamics
In this work, the enantiomeric separation of ten anticholinergic drugs was first examined on two derivative polysaccharide chiral stationary phases (CSPs), i.e., Chiralpak ID and Chiralpak IA in the normal phase mode. Except for scopolamine hydrobromide, the remaining nine analytes could be completely separated with good resolutions using both columns under the optimized mobile phase conditions. And the enantiomeric discrimination ability of the studied CSPs towards nine analytes was in the order of Chiralpak ID > Chiralpak IA. The influences of organic modifier types, alcohol content, and base/acid additives on the enantiomeric separation were evaluated and optimized. According to the experimental results, the effect of the structures of analytes on enantiomeric separation was discussed. Additionally, the chiral recognition mechanisms were proposed based on the thermodynamic analysis of the experimental data.