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Polycrystalline Diamond Coating of Additively Manufactured Titanium for Biomedical Applications

Rifai, Aaqil, Tran, Nhiem, Lau, Desmond W., Elbourne, Aaron, Zhan, Hualin, Stacey, Alastair D., Mayes, Edwin L. H., Sarker, Avik, Ivanova, Elena P., Crawford, Russell J., Tran, Phong A., Gibson, Brant C., Greentree, Andrew D., Pirogova, Elena, Fox, Kate
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.10 pp. 8474-8484
apatite, bacterial colonization, cell growth, coatings, mammals, manufacturing, medicine, melting, prostheses, titanium
Additive manufacturing using selective laser melted titanium (SLM-Ti) is used to create bespoke items across many diverse fields such as medicine, defense, and aerospace. Despite great progress in orthopedic implant applications, such as for “just in time” implants, significant challenges remain with regards to material osseointegration and the susceptibility to bacterial colonization on the implant. Here, we show that polycrystalline diamond coatings on these titanium samples can enhance biological scaffold interaction improving medical implant applicability. The highly conformable coating exhibited excellent bonding to the substrate. Relative to uncoated SLM-Ti, the diamond coated samples showed enhanced mammalian cell growth, enriched apatite deposition, and reduced microbial S. aureus activity. These results open new opportunities for novel coatings on SLM-Ti devices in general and especially show promise for improved biomedical implants.