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Flocculation of high purity wheat straw soda lignin
- Piazza, G.J., Lora, J.H., Garcia, R.A.
- Bioresource technology 2014 v.152 pp. 548
- absorption, acid treatment, alum, aluminum sulfate, blood, cattle, centrifugation, chitosan, flocculants, flocculation, lignin, lignocellulose, nitrogen, pH, polyacrylamide, soy protein, spectroscopy, sulfuric acid, turbidity, wheat straw, zeta potential
- In industrial process, acidification causes non-sulfonated lignin insolubility. The flocculants poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (pDADMAC) and bovine blood (BB) also caused lignin insolubility while cationic polyacrylamide, chitosan, and soy protein PF 974 were ineffective. Turbidity determined optimal flocculant, but turbidity magnitude with BB was greater than expected. pDADMAC caused negative lignin Zeta potential to became positive, but BB-lignin Zeta potential was always negative. Insoluble lignin did not gravity sediment, and flocculant–lignin mixtures were centrifuged. Pellet and supernatant dry mass and corrected spectroscopic results were in good agreement for optimal pDADMAC and BB. Spectroscopy showed 87–92% loss of supernatant lignin. Nitrogen analysis showed BB concentrated in the pellet until the pellet became saturated with BB. Subtracting ash and BB mass from pellet and supernatant mass confirmed optimal BB. Low levels of alum caused increased lignin flocculation at lower levels of pDADMAC and BB, but alum did not affect optimal flocculant.