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The alien false limpet (Siphonaria pectinata) in the Bizerte channel (northern Tunisia): spawning, development and growth under laboratory conditions

Slama, Tasnime, Lahbib, Youssef, Vasconcelos, Paulo, Trigui El Menif, Najoua
Invertebrate reproduction & development 2018 v.62 no.2 pp. 109-118
coasts, eggs, embryogenesis, hatching, introduced species, larvae, larval development, limpets, longevity, mortality, spawning, Tunisia
Spawning, development and growth of Siphonaria pectinata in the laboratory were studied and described in detail during a one-year study period. Egg ribbons were observed in February, March, April, June, July, August and September, with a peak in number of ribbons per individual in July. On average, individuals laid 9.0 ± 5.1 egg ribbons at a spawning frequency of one egg ribbon day⁻¹. The number of eggs per ribbon ranged from 752 to 50,400 depending on ribbon length. Embryonic development studied in February (13–15 °C), April (15–17 °C) and July (25–27 °C), reached hatching within 8–16 days with average larval lengths of 76.7 ± 5.9, 83.0 ± 11.3 and 78.3 ± 9.0 μm, respectively. Massive mortality was registered a few days after hatching, with larval longevity depending on the study period. Larval settlement occurred within 36–38 days after hatching, but only in the spawn deposited in February. Larval growth was slow during the first three weeks (18–26 μm week⁻¹) and then accelerated until the sixth week (40–67 μm week⁻¹). The present study contributes knowledge on the spawning, development and growth of S. pectinata, an alien species recently spreading throughout the Tunisian coast.