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Occurrence of Melampsora gelmii on Euphorbia dendroides: Morphological and molecular observations
- Sicoli, G., Trové, F., Palermo, A. M., Carruggio, F., Pellegrino, G., Forte, L.
- Plant biosystems 2018 v.152 no.4 pp. 684-693
- Euphorbia, Melampsora, bracts, internal transcribed spacers, leaves, plant pathogenic fungi, rust diseases, Italy
- A rust fungus attack was observed on Tree Spurge (Euphorbia dendroides) in two regions of southern Italy. Uredinia and telia of a Melampsora species were detected on the leaves, bracts of the cyathia and capsules of E. dendroides. On the basis of the morphological characteristics and rDNA ITS sequences of the above mentioned structures, the fungus was identified as M. gelmii. This report suggests that M. gelmii seems to be a specific taxon in the M. euphorbiae complex and to be more widespread than previously detected in Italy. Further investigations within the M. euphorbiae complex would be desirable in order to elucidate the identity of M. gelmii as a peculiar form of a still poorly explored species.