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“Stealth and Fully-Laden” Drug Carriers: Self-Assembled Nanogels Encapsulated with Epigallocatechin Gallate and siRNA for Drug-Resistant Breast Cancer Therapy
- Ding, Jie, Liang, Tingxizi, Min, Qianhao, Jiang, Liping, Zhu, Jun-Jie
- ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.12 pp. 9938-9948
- adverse effects, animal models, biodegradability, biosafety, breast neoplasms, cell lines, cytotoxicity, drug resistance, drug therapy, drugs, epigallocatechin gallate, genes, growth retardation, hyaluronic acid, ligands, mice, nanocarriers, nanoparticles, small interfering RNA
- For codelivery of therapeutic genes and chemical agents in combined therapy, the ideal drug delivery system entails high-capacity and low-body toxicity carriers, allowing adequate drug dose for tumor regions while yielding low residues in normal tissues. To augment the gene/drug load capacity and circumvent the potential toxicity brought by traditional inorganic and polymeric nanocarriers, a “stealth” carrier was herein designed in a simple self-assembly of (−)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) by recruiting protamine as a biodegradable medium for the treatment of drug-resistant triple-negative breast cancer. In the self-assembled nanogel, entrapped siRNA played a central role in sensitizing the tumor response to EGCG-involved chemotherapy, and the positively charged protamine served as the assembly skeleton to fully accommodate gene and drug molecules and minimize the factors causing side effects. As compared to stand-alone chemotherapy with EGCG, the multicomponent nanogel revealed a 15-fold increase in the cytotoxicity to drug-resistant MDA-MB-231 cell line. Moreover, equipped with hyaluronic acid and tumor-homing cell-penetrating peptide as the outmost targeting ligands, the siRNA- and EGCG-loaded nanogel demonstrates superior selectivity and tumor growth inhibition to free EGCG in xenograft MDA-MB-231 tumor-bearing mice. Meanwhile, thanks to the acknowledged biosafety of protamine, little toxicity was found to normal tissues and organs in the animal model. This gene/drug self-assembly caged in a biodegradable carrier opens up an effective and secure route for drug-resistant cancer therapy and provides a versatile approach for codelivery of other genes and drugs for different medical purposes.