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Nutrient Utilization Strategies of Algae and Bacteria after the Termination of Nutrient Amendment with Different Phosphorus Dosage: A Mesocosm Case

Song, Chunlei, Søndergaard, Morten, Cao, Xiuyun, Zhou, Yiyong
Geomicrobiology journal 2018 v.35 no.4 pp. 294-299
algae, algal blooms, alkaline phosphatase, bacteria, chlorophyll, community structure, dissolved organic carbon, enzyme activity, eutrophication, hydrolysis, microbial growth, nutrient utilization, particulate organic carbon, phosphorus, secretion, surface water
The impacts of nutrient amendment termination on the growth strategies of algae and bacteria were conducted in experimentally designed mesocosm in which two different phosphorus (P) dosages were treated. The algal community composition did not change greatly in Group A (low phosphorus) and Group B (high phosphorus). In Group A, the secretion of bacterial alkaline phosphatase (AP) after nutrient termination stimulated bacterial phosphorus acquisition, which caused the decrease in algal phosphorus levels, in terms of the increase of bacterial abundance and bacterial production, as well as the decrease in chlorophyll a and particulate organic carbon. The algal collapse resulted in dissolved organic carbon secretion, further fuelling bacterial growth. In Group B, excess phosphorus input urged algae to store phosphorus as poly-phosphate. When phosphorus input ceased, in order to maintain their used high phosphorus demand, algae strengthened to gain phosphorus through the hydrolysis of dissolved organic phosphorus in water column and ploy-phosphate inside the cells by AP, evidenced by high algal alkaline phosphatase activity, algal growth continuation, and bacterial growth decline. These facts indicated that phosphorus content should reduce to a lower level than expected, so that algal bloom can be effectively controlled in eutrophic water bodies.