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Effect of polymer type on characterization and filtration performances of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)-COOH-based polymeric mixed matrix membranes

Author:
Sengur-Tasdemir, Reyhan, Mokkapati, Venkata R. S. S., Koseoglu-Imer, Derya Y., Koyuncu, Ismail
Source:
Environmental technology 2018 v.39 no.10 pp. 1226-1237
ISSN:
1479-487X
Subject:
Escherichia coli, activated sludge, artificial membranes, atomic force microscopy, carbon nanotubes, contact angle, dextran, filtration, polymers, scanning electron microscopy, xanthan gum
Abstract:
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) can be used for the fabrication of mixed matrix polymeric membranes that can enhance filtration perfomances of the membranes by modifying membrane surface properties. In this study, detailed characterization and filtration performances of MWCNTs functionalized with COOH group, blended into polymeric flat-sheet membranes were investigated using different polymer types. Morphological characterization was carried out using atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and contact angle measurements. For filtration performance tests, protein, dextran, E. coli suspension, Xanthan Gum and real activated sludge solutions were used. Experimental data and analyses revealed that Polyethersulfone (PES) + MWCNT-COOH mixed matrix membranes have superior performance abilities compared to other tested membranes.
Agid:
5958646