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Hydraulic and mechanical behavior of landfill clay liner containing SSA in contact with leachate

Zhang, Qian, Lu, Haijun, Liu, Junzhu, Wang, Weiwei, Zhang, Xiong
Environmental technology 2018 v.39 no.10 pp. 1307-1315
adsorption, clay, cohesion, differential thermal analysis, friction, hydraulic conductivity, landfill leachates, landfills, nitrogen, permeability, pollutants, shear strength, sludge, sludge ash, weight loss
Sewage sludge ash (SSA) produced by municipal sludge can be used as a modified additive for clay liner, and improves the working performance of landfill clay liner in contact with leachate. Under the action of landfill leachate, the permeability, shear strength, phase composition, and pore structure of the modified clay are investigated through the flexible wall permeability test, triaxial shear test, thermal gravimetric and differential thermal analysis, and low-temperature nitrogen adsorption test, respectively. The hydraulic conductivity of the modified clay containing 0–5% SSA is in the range of 3.94 × 10⁻⁸–1.16 × 10⁻⁷ cm/s, and the pollutant concentration of the sample without SSA was higher than others. The shear strength of the modified clay is more than that of the traditional clay liner, the cohesion rate of modified clay increases from 32.5 to 199.91 kPa, and the internal friction angle decreases from 32.5° to 15.6°. Furthermore, the weight loss rates of the samples are 15.69%, 17.92%, 18.06%, and 20.68%, respectively, when the SSA content increases from 0% to 5%. The total pore volume and average pore diameter of the modified clay decrease with the increase in the SSA content, respectively. However, the specific area of the modified clay increases with the increase in the SSA content.