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People’s dependency on forest resources and contributions of forests to the livelihoods: a case study in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh

Jannat, Morgubatul, Hossain, Mohammed Kamal, Uddin, Mohammad Main, Hossain, Md. Akhter, Kamruzzaman, Md.
Theinternational journal of sustainable development and world ecology 2018 v.25 no.6 pp. 554-561
case studies, educational status, environmental policy, forest management, forest resources, forests, hills, income, livelihood, people, rural communities, socioeconomic factors, Bangladesh
The study was conducted to investigate people’s forest dependency and contributions of forests to the livelihoods in the three hill districts of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), Bangladesh. The study revealed that forest resources contribute significantly to rural community’s livelihoods and economic well-being. Using generalized logistic regressions, this study has also investigated the socioeconomic factors that affect people’s dependency on forest resources of CHT. The study revealed that people’s income from forest and forest-related occupation was positively aligned with their forest dependency. However, their education level significantly reduced their dependency on forest resources. Thus, educating the forest-dependent people and supporting alternative income generation activities should be appreciated for effective forest management in CHT. This study will be helpful to forest and environmental policy makers for CHT.